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Democracy 2. 1 

"How to Make a Bunch of Lazy and Selfish People Work Together" 

A Handbook About How to Maximize Collective Intelligence in Politics 

Mikael Nordfors, founder of the Nornia and Vivarto 


This booklet is based upon thebooklet Democracy 2.1, written 
2003, by the founder of the Vivarto Cooperative, Dr. Mikael 

Illustrations were partly done by Arnstein Myggland and Audhild 

The front illustration is a picture of a brain made up of people, 
thus symbolizing Colective Intelligence 

Contact information: 

Vivarto Co-operative DA 
Viken 3 

6843 Skei i J0lster 

E-mail Mikael Nordfors: 
Phone: +47 57 72 6945 
Mobile: +47 48248350 
Home page: 


We have made this little booklet in order to in a very simple and logic 
way show that there is a common cause to the problems of war, 
poverty, lack of human rights and environmental destruction, and that 
cause is the human selfishness and our common greed for power. 
Take any human being, it might be a professor of physics, a beggar on 
the street, a lonely mother, an aristocrat or a hippie and make him/her 
a king, and he/she will with a probability of 99% use that power more 
for his own good than for the common good. 

This will in turn create an hierarchical power structure where benefits 
and decision-making power are accumulated at the top. This tendency 
will increase in more unstable societies, where a decent basic living 
standard is not available for everyone. "The food comes before the 
morale" (Bertolt Brecht) 

We stipulate, that the best way to solve this problem is to convince 
enough amounts of people that they will benefit more than they will 
lose, if the power gets distributed maximally among all citizens. If 
everyone take care of himself together with the others, chances are 
greater of a more fair and equal society. 

We state that the phenomenon known as "democracy" in most well- 
developed states on this planet is just a semi-democracy, with many 
laid backs such as corruption and fraud, populism, person fixation, 
lack of participation and indifference. 

We also propose a new kind of democracy, Democracy 2,1, based on 
the concept of "Collective Intelligence that has already been shown to 
work efficiently in day to day politics, that I hope might have a chance 
of solving many of the abovementioned problems. 

We finally make some proposals how this can be achieved. I also 
invite you to make even better proposals, and to join us in order to 
make these proposals a reality so that we finally can get a decent 
society to live in. 1 

If people where 
natural Saints, 
solving common 
problems would be 
much easier! 

If selfish people gain 
power, they will 
probably use that 
power in order to gain 
even more power! 

Some might say that 
politics is all about how to 

make selfish people 
co-operate in order to solve 

common problems. 

Human Society behaves like a glass of milk! 

Just like fat drops attract other fat drops and end up 
like a cream collection on the top, leaving the most of 
the glass content with skimmed milk, power attracts 
more power, with the result that most of the power 
will become accumulated at the top of society, 
leaving most citizens without power! 

It doesn't matter whether you call the power elite 
kings, the nobility, the finance elite, the communists, 
the mafia, the military, the fascists or the political or 
religious leadership. Society will anyway in more 
than 90% of cases end up in a hierarchical power 
structure, with most of the power accumulated at the 

The chance that the man in the top will be a decent 
person depends on the system of society. In most 
cases you have to be cunning and manipulative to 
reach the top, meaning that there will be a very 
unfavourable selection process leaving a very small 
probability for decent and humanistic persons to 
become leaders. 

You can say that the milk is not pasteurized, thus 
giving the evil bacteria a great chance to take over the 
whole milk bottle and making it bitter! 

Socrates: All people have an 
ability for human reasoning and 
thinking, if they are guided 

Co-operation has many 
advantages, even from a selfish 
point of view 

Because of this, we have 
developed law, politics, science 
and religion. 

The most important factor for 
how the game will proceed, is 
the rules of the game. 


Statement 1 Most people are 
not Saints 

Statement 2: Saints seldom 
look for power positions 
Conclusion: The probability of 
a Saint coming into power = 
very low 


Statement 1 : Most People do not 

want to get killed. 

Statement 2: In a war, the common 

people get killed before the power 


Statement 3: The average people 
seldom profits from war 
Statement 4:The Power Elite 
sometimes profit big time from war 

Authoritarian/Hierarchic Society 
models increase the risk of wars 


Statement 1 : Most people do not like 
to be poor. 

Statement 2: The Power Elite is never 
poor, even if their subordinates starve 
Conclusion: Authoritarian/Hierarchic 
Society models increase the risk of 

When the basic human needs of food 
and shelter are not guaranteed, people 
tend to become more selfish, and less 
cultural/altruistic . 

"The food comes before the morale" 
(Bertolt Brecht) 

Freedom of 

Statement 1 : Ordinary people likes to 
enjoy the freedom of speech, 
education and free media. 
Statement 2: The Power Elite often 
use censorship and propaganda in 
order to control society, sometimes in 
the form of advertisements privately 
owned media, sometimes in the form 
of the state controlled propaganda. 

Cone lu sion : Authoritarian/Hierarchic 
Society models increase the risk of 
Censorship and Propaganda 


Statement 1 : Most people likes to 
have a nice environment 
Statement 2: The Power elite can 
often live in a nice environment 
with lots of trees and parks, while 
the underprivileged has to live in the 
polluted slum. 


Authoritarian/Hierarchic Society 
models increase the risk of 
environmental destruction 


Statement 1 : : The Power Elite can 
often have access to good health 
care while the poor cannot. 
Statement 2: The Power Elite often 
promotes patentable dangerous and 
expensive health cures/research 
instead of cheap and more secure 
Health cures/research in order to 
make more money. 

Authoritarian/Hierarchic Society 
models increase the risk of 
sufferings due to bad health! 


Statement 1 : When people do not 
take part in the decisions about there 
own lives and environment, they will 
feel Alienated and helpless. 
Statement 2: Alienation and 
helplessness increases the risk of 
depression and a feeling of "I do not 

Conclu sion : Authoritarian/Hierarchic 
Society models increase the risk of 
depression and lack of 
responsibility /initiative . 

The failed 

Many of the previous pages resembles 
old socialistic/communistic slogans. 

Marx and Lenin believed that things 
would get better, if only the workers 
would be in power in order to establish 
the "dictatorial rule of the proletariat". 

Reality proved them to be extremely 
wrong. Uneducated workers where in 
many cases much crueller and worse 
dictators then there aristocratic 
predecessors. The deeds of Stalin, Mao 
Tse Tung and the Red Kmeers in 
Kampuchea can beer witness of this. 

The problem was not in who was in 
power, but in the power structure itself. 


structures are the 
main reason for 
war, poverty, bad 

health, lacking 
respect for human 
rights and 


- a compromise? 

Sets limits to the Power- 
Hungry with law-making 

Different self interests 
might get a chance of 
balancing each other 

Basically, it is still an 
hierarchic/ authoritarian 
structure with some 
democratic feedback 

Problems With Representative Democracy 


Socrates - You do not go to a 
crowd in order to heal your stomach 
problems, you go to a doctor who 
has expertise knowledge. 

If the experts rule, they are very 
likely to be selfish, and represent 
their own interests above the 
common interests. 

Democracy without access to 
knowledge and education can 
become populism! 

A very ancient and actual problem, 
especially in developing countries. 

Problems With Representative Democracy: 

Lack of Flexibility, 
Creativity and 

Hierarchic power 
structures within political 
organisations may 
contribute to conformist 
and opportunistic thinking 

Politics and state activities 
is often decades behind 
private industry and 


Problems With Representative Democracy: 


Participation in democratic 
movements and elections 
has steadily diminished in 
the last 30 years. 

All parties fight in order to 
get the sympathies of the 
middle voters. 

The choice is like choosing 
between Coca-Cola and 


Problems With Representative Democracy: 

Corruption and 

• Many political 

• People do not trust 
politicians and the 
present system. 

• Only interested in the 
peoples opinion before 
the election. 

Problems With Representative Democracy: 

The Power Elite? 

• Politicians seldom 
represent the average 

• Very few lonely 
immigrant mothers. 

Problems With Representative Democracy: 

Power or Issues? 

• Who will decide is 
more important than 
what to decide? 

• Big problems, 
especially on the 
International Arena ! 

Problems With Representative Democracy: 



There is no powerful, 

democratically controlled 
law- system! 

Without law and justice, 
weapons and money will 

Will USA and Western 

Europe accept to become 
voted down by India and 

Statement 1 : Democracy needs human rights to work. 

Statement 2: Human rights need democracy to work. 
Conclusion: Democracy and human rights need each other! 

A Step Towards True 

• All major Decisions made 
by the people directly with 
Safe Electronic Voting 

• No Intermediaries 

• No-one is excluded 

• 24 hour access 

• Delegated Voting 

• Aims at optimizing the 
relationship between 
individual and collective 

The main Problems 
with Direct 

Lack of interest will bring 
down participation in some 
issues, which 

gives a risk that minority 
with special interests will get 


* How to avoid immature 
decisions and populism due 
to lack of time, 
education and 

Solution: Delegated 
Voting ! 


The Participant choose an advisor. 

For example : 

• an expert 

• a special-interest group 

• a political party 

• a friend 

Delegated Voting 

The advisor rates ideas 
and votes for the 
participant from now on = 
2 possible outcomes 


Advisor + 



1 vote = 2 votes 

Digital vote counter 
2 votes 


Delegated Voting 

Participant's Vote Always Takes 
Precedence Over advisor's Vote. 

1 vote 

1 vote 

Digital vote counter 2 votes 

Delegated Voting 

• Dynamic - Choose different 
advisors for different categories ! 

For example : 

Defense William Schroeder, 
former head of Peace Corps 
Economy Dr. Lester Brown, 
economics professor 
Environment Greenpeace 

• Flexible - Change your 
advisor with the push of a 

Delegated Votin 

•Bigger Selection of 
representatives/advisors, it is 
very likely that you will know 
them personally 
•You can always vote yourself 
•The one who decides when to 
take part directly or indirectly is 
you and no- one else! 
•Combines participation and 
expertize, you are not forced to 
choose between a corrupted 
expert or an unknowledgable 
crowd anymore ! 

A new Solution to 


Everyone can choose there own 
expert advisors 

A bigger selection of experts - 
higher possible quality 

The new possibilities of 
participation will probably lead 
to more politically mature and 
educated people. 
The advisors do not have to 
make a political career first, 
they can be closer to the people 

A new Solution to: 

Lack of 
Creativity and 

• Actively encourage 
and empower people 
towards an effective 
fulfilment of the 
shared human 

A new Solution to Indifference? 

• Many voters fails to identify 
themselves with a particular 
political party or ideology. 

• Would you accept to be forced to 
only have a choice between a few 
pre-packed bags of food, where 
all of them includes meat 
(especially if you happen to be a 

A new Solution to 

Corruption and 

• Collective Intelligence 
gives more transparency, 
and less big power 
positions to fight about. 

• It is much more expensive 
to bribe one million people 
than to bribe one politician, 
and harder not to get 

• More people will be able 
to view and investigate 
common decisions. 

A new Solution to 

The Power 

• Everyone will be 
represented equally. 

• You do not have to 
be a political 
conformist in order 
to qualify as advisor. 

• No Power positions 
to fight about! 

A new Solution to 

Power or 

The focus will 
naturally be more on 
the issues. 

Direct influence of the 
people internationally, 
without any countries 
in between! 

A new Solution 


Many scientists agree that politicians 
need some kind of global law and 

United Nations is a organisation with 
some of these aims - although it is 
often blocked by conflicting nation 
interests and lack of power 

As there is presently no effective and 
democratically controlled world 
government and world law, you can 
say that the Global democracy domain 
is like an uncharted territory ! 

Therefore, nothing can stop the 
citizens of the world to just do it, if we 
decide to! No revolution is needed! ! 


The most important 
issue for peace, a sound 
economy and the issue 
of environment, is the 

issue on how to 
organize ourselves in a 
balanced, efficient, and 

democratic manner! 

The Major Obstacles for 
Democracy 2,1 

Many people do not have access to 
computers and Internet - and the knowledge of 
how to use them. 

Many do not believe Democracy 2. 1 
will work and do not want to spend time 
studying how to use the new democratic 

The concept of Democracy 2. 1 is 
unknown to most people. 

It is hard and challenging to make a 
complex software system that is stable, have the 
necessary features and is user-friendly. 

The people in power seldom want to 
risk losing their present privileges by 
implementing change. 

People know what they have, but not 
what they will get. A general fear and resistance 
towards the unknown. 

Solution 1 : Start by 
the Computer 

• Computer Programmers 
have access to Computers 

• Computer Programmers 
know how to use 

• Computer Programmers 
can enhance the 
democracy program 

The Software 


• People want to be able to 
communicate with their computers 

• Gives a demand for standardized 
Computer Software's that work 

• Gives a strong trend toward a 
monopoly ! 

• Monopoly increases costs and 
diminishes competition and quality, 
and gives a lot of centralized, 
possible authoritarian power to the 
creators of the monopoly ! 

The Vivarto Co- 

a Solution to the 
Software Monopoly 

• Aim: To construct an Open 
Source based alternative that 
is owned by both consumers 
and producers. 

• A Coop that is being run 
democratically and 

• No middle men, a minimum 
of bureaucracy and 
employees, and equality and 
fair trade among all actors. 

The Vivarto Co-operative 

Customers and Developers can... 

. . .Send in ideas how to enhance and develop a 
certain product. 

. . . Read and discuss the ideas, and . . . 

The Vivarto Co-operative 

...give them a rating! 

The program automatically sorts 
the ideas according to popularity: 

Idea top list 

The best Ideas will be sorted out 
and continue to the 

The Vivarto Co-operative 

The Technical Decision Making Conference 

Here our technical staff will give expert feedback on the pros 
and cons of each idea. 

All the different pros and cons will be rated and sorted in 
separate columns. 

We also decide how many consultant shares each idea is 
worth and how high the priority is 

In this level all decisions are made by the consultant share 
owners of the company with weighted voting (voted weighted 
to how many shares you have) and delegated voting 

The Vivarto Co-operative 

The To-Do list 

Here all tasks are auctioned to the programmers of the world 
The consultant share value is marked for each task 
One consultant share = One working hour 

Some urgent tasks might be done by our own steadily employed people 

Here programmers can send in their patches for reviewal. When 
accepted, they will receive a certificate with consultant shares that will 
give them the right to participate immediately in the decisions of the 

The acceptance patches is also done by the consultant share owners 
with the help of delegated voting 

The Vivarto Co-operative 

A Smooth Transition. . . 

Founders consultant shares will be slowly diluted, when they are no 
longer in majority, a strong new culture will have emanated and the 
value of the company will have increased 

There will be an exchange rate between consultant shares and 
Dollar/Euro, depending of the amount of cash in the company. 
Consultant shares can only be sold back to the company in order to 
avoid speculation and tactical overtake by i.e. Microsoft 

Customers buying consultant hours will also receive one consultant 
share for each hour they purchase. This price will be higher than the 
price Vivarto buys back shares for . The operating margin for Vivarto is 
partly based on the difference between this purchase and selling prize, 
that in turn will be influenced by tendency by the customers and 
programmers to sell their shares/keep the consultant shares. 

The Vivarto Co-operative 

A Gradual Change towards 

a more mature and aware planet. . . 

•Some of the surplus money is used to educate young 
people in small villages in India, Africa etc. to use sun- 
driven simputers and to learn from the Internet, and to 
supporrt Global Democracy 

•The Vivarto Cooperate business structure will be 
incorporated more and more in companies, that all will be 
managed by the people 

•The world will be run by electronic direct democracy 
with advisors. 

•No more war, pollution, poverty 

Solution 2: Initiate Demoex-like Political 

parties ! 

Demoex is a short for Democracy Experiment Association for DirectDemocracy via Internet. 

In September 2002, Demoex got a seat in the local parliament in the city council of Vallentuna, near Stockholm, 

Demoex made it possible to be active in the local governments debates for anyone, but only members have the 
rights to vote and thereby influence our seat. 

Demoex concept is mixdemocracy - a combination of direct and representative democracy. When Demoex get the 
summons to a new local Parliament meeting, they first sort out the issues they want to focus there attention on. 

These issues are then debated before they finally send their ballots to the local parliament meeting. Their 
representative in the local government votes like the majority of the members. 

In the following there will be a brief presentation on how demoex works: 
A Practical Example 

• Demoex started off as a grass -root initiative. It all begun at Vallentuna upper secondary 
school October 3rd 2000. The municipality organized a theme day on "IT and democracy" 
and the question why so few young persons are politically active emerged. 

• Some students answered that they did not approve to choosing between ideologies. They 
expressed that their point of views were impossible to place on a political right-left scale. 
Other students were pessimistic about the aspects of political influence. "Decisions are 
made from above" they argued. Others answered they had no time to involve in politics. 
Others again thought of politics boring, tiering and insignificant. 

• After an internet debate, an oral discussion with local politicians followed. The evaluation 
showed that students appriciated the speed and the structure offered by the electronic 
debate-system - but they felt run over by the traditional oral debate. 

• From this experience, a handfull of students discussed with their philosophy teacher 
possibilities of developing democracy. That was how the Demoex idea was born. 

• Soon after, they contacted Mikael Nordfors, a pioneer within e-democracy in Sweden. 
Already in the early 1990's Mikael founded a party with a similar ideology. Mikael offered 
to use the software he had implemented through his company Vivarto. They made the site, and managed to get one seat in the local election in September the 
15th 2002! 
Stage 1 , Sorting Out 

• Sorting Out means that the irrelevant questions from the local parliament agenda will be 
taken away. 

• Demoex do not want to spend any time with irrelevant issues. Votes take time and money - 
and therefore they decide what votes they are going to take part in. 

• In the Sorting Out process, all the public affairs that the community government are dealing 
with is presented. The members mark what affairs they want to discuss and vote for. If at 
least 33% of the members voting want to discuss an affair, there will be a debate and a vote. 
Stage 2, Debate 

• In the debates, the members can argue for or against different political proposals. The 
debates are the base for the democratic votes. 

• The arguments for and against a proposal are presented in two different columns so that you 
easily can compare the arguments. The members rank the arguments, and the higher the 
argument is ranked, the higher they are placed in their column. 

• A member can contribute arguments to try and convince the other members of the "right" 
opinion. An argument must be both relevant and trustworthy to be good. Arguments that 
include facts should therefore have sources. 

• The debates are run by an administrator who make sure there are always arguments both for 
and against a proposal. The administrator also makes sure that the people in the debate 
follow the rules. 
Stage 3, the Ballots 

• The ballots are the most important service of Demoex. The ballots' deadline is one day 
before the meeting of the community government. The result of the ballots are transformed 
into mandates according to statistical distribution. Demoex "politicians" represent this 
distribution in the community government. 

The members only vote in the issues they have choosen to vote in, which is far from all. All 
the questions that leads to a ballot have first been discussed. 
Ballots only have two alternatives, yes or no. Of course one 

• In all the different ballots and ranking opportunities performed in Demoex, the Vivarto 
Advisory system has been working. You can clearly see how the advisors get less power in 
the "hot" issues and more influence in the more "cold" issues. 

• The Advisory system has therefore contributed to increased stability and competence in the 
issues of Demoex. 


• Demoex has been appreciated in Swedish media, and was elected to be one of the 100 best 
websites in Sweden 2003, before among else MSN! 

• Parisa Maloghali, the Demoex representative was selected to become the politician of the 
Year in Vallentuna this year! 

• Demoex managed to influence and change many decisions in the local parliament, at spite 
that they only had one seat. Among else they managed to turn down a suggestion for 
increased salary for local politicians with pure argumentation! 

• The system has been working properly, except for some server instabilities and useability 
problems, which led to a temporary change to the proprietary ED system 1/1 2004. 

• The Advisory system has therefore contributed to increased stability and competence in the 
issues of Demoex. 

• A scientific evaluation of the Vivarto Advisory system in practical work has been 
performed by Karin Ottesen, Mitth0gskolan, Sundsvall, Sweden. It is available at 

Iec8350503210b5fb31 13ef40ea72ba4 

Solution 3: Create a network with 
Free World Internet Cafes ! 

Purpose: To encourage democratic participation, problem solving and the 
usage of free software in the local/global community and diminish the digital 

Make a cafe with access to computers with broadband connection using free 
software like Gnu/Linux and free wireless LAN access. 

At the Cafes there shall be cafe members who can assist guests by teaching them 
how to use the different software's. It could also be a center for organized 
education about how to use free software and the Internet. 

The Cafes shall be owned and run by the cafe members themselves, using 
collaborative software like the Tikiwiki_to make common decisions. 
The cafes can also act as a meeting place for organizing global democracy and 
help free the world from war, pollution and starvation. 

More local and fun oriented activities like parties, concerts and festivals can of 
course also be arranged. 


The Cafes can also be a meeting point for recruiting new participants in the 
Vivarto Cooperative. 

The mission of the Vivarto Cooperative is to educate/organizprogrammers 
supporting free software in cooperative democratic way. This can be 
extremely helpful for countries with many well educated low paid people like 
Russia and India and help these countries to keep there skilled 
programmers stay in the country and to revitalize the local economy. 

The Cafes can be a meeting point for local political activities and problem 
solving and for local demoex-like political parties and representatives 

One of the core ideas is that these Cafes shall be an open meeting space for all 
the people who want the world to become a better place, with the primary 
interest for eating food in a nice environment as a common denominator, and 
that all these cafes together can create a network that can change the world 


Solution 4: Using Democracy 2. 1 
order to create a World Democracy ! ! 

Many leading politicians and scientists agrees upon the fact that we need to 
strengthen global democracy in order to combat problems like the 
greenhouse effect, wars, terrorism, global epidemics and starvation. 
Calculations has shown, that if we could use only 1% of the world income in 
a synchronized an efficient manner for these purposes, many of these 
problems could be solved. 

The United Nations has tried to achieve many of the abovementioned goals, 
but has only limited success so far. One of the main reasons might be that 
nations hesitate to give up some of their national sovereignity for common 
purposes. Another that the member nations have a non-optimal, democratic 
decision-making structure, with too many middle-men between the citizens 
and the decision-makers. 


Global Democracy - An uncharted territory! 

Therefore you can definitely with some right state that the area of global 
democracy is like an uncharted territory, where we, just like the pilgrims on 
the ship Mayflower, now have the opportunity to sit down and make new, 
better rules for how to organize the new, unknown continent. No-one can stop 
us from doing this, if we just decide to do it! 

If the financial markets can, we can also do it! 

The financial markets have already organized and decentralized themselves 
by using the resources of the Internet. This has resulted to an increase in 
power in favor of the market forces. Now it is time for the citizens of our 
Planet to also get organized in order to civilize and regulate this powers. 
A living experiment is a living experiment in order have to make this happen, and we 
have already developed a policy making forum, that can be a starting point for 
this evolution. The seed is there, now it only needs some sun, water and clever 
gardening in order to become a beautiful Global Democracy Tree ! 

How to start? 

One of the main problems with organizing a global democracy over the 
internet is that most people do not have access or education enough to take 
part in such an experiment. To organize world-wide Democracy 2. 1 over the 
Internet can to many people seem like an Utopic vision. 


One way to start this process is to start a World future Council, with respected 
leaders and scientists working together by using Democracy 2.1 on 
recommending solutions of the problems of the world to the worlds politicians 
and leaders. 

This process has already started at 

Another way is to construct a global eParliament, where people from all 
countries and parts of the world are randomly selected to become World 
Parliamentarians. They will then get a salary, education on how to use the 
different information and decision making systems and of course have free 
access to computers with Internet. 

This body can serve as a preliminary world parliament that will truly 
represent the peoples interests, and not be diverted by the power elite. The 
abovementioned World Future Council can functions as advisors. 

Later on, more and more people can become invited, until we finally have all 
human beings in the world represented! 

The delegated voting system will help overcoming the digital divide issue, as 
I.e. an entire village can be represented by a common advisor who has 
computer access. 


Solution 5: 

Please fill in yourself and put on the Policy Making Forum on 

or send to! 

Hopefully the task of creating a better society for all of us will 
never end there will always be room for each of your 
productive contributions ! 

You can also right a note here: 


The effects of different communication- 
and organisation structures 


War, poverty, no freedom of speech, destruction of environment, 
lack of responsibility? 

Representative Democracy 

Populism, lack of flexibility, creativity and renewal, indifference, 
corruption and fraud, a power elite, more focus on power than issues, 
ineffective international co-operation? 

Collective Intelligence 

Continuosly developed competence, creativity, involvement, 
transparancy, reliability, practical issue-oriented, international 

co-operation, felt responsibility? 

This paperwork was developed, November 2004, by the founder of the Nornia and Vivarto 

Dr. Mikael Nordfors 
Contact information: 

E-mail Dr. Mikael Nordfors: 

Vivarto Cooperative DA 
Viken 3 

6843 Skei i J0lster 

If the citizens get empowered, they must also 
get resources in order to inform themselves and 
to delegate decisions when needed - just like a 
president with advisors and secretaries! 

It is neither wishful nor possible for everyone 
to take an active part in all common decisions, 
but the one who shall decide when to take part 
or not, is you, and no-one else!